The Internment: Links to More Information
The WWII internment of some 120,000 Japanese-Americans is documented in a growing number of websites, videos, and books. We provide here a small selection worth exploring. These sources are not associated with Willow Valley Press. These sources are provided as a service to readers interested in learning more about the historical background and social impact of events encompassed in Kiyo Sato’s Dandelion Through the Crack.
- Executive Order No. 9066
- Issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1942, this document ordered the creation of internment camps and the relocation of Japanese-Americans and Japanese immigrants.
- Map of Japanese-American Internment Camps
- A map of the Japanese-American internment camps in the United States.
- Library of Congress: Japanese-American Internment
- Selection of photographs, and links to many more, including photos of Manzanar by Ansel Adams.
- Library of Congress: Executive Order 9066: Evacuation and Segregation
- Resources for teachers. Also see related links at this site.
- National Park Service: Confinement and Ethnicity
- An online book, An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites.
- Evacuation and Internment of San Francisco Japanese, 1942
- Large selection of San Francisco newspaper articles.
- Annotated Directory of Resources
- Includes links to many resources for further research, including photo archives.
Kiyo appears in both of these compelling videos that each show, in a unique and sensitive way, the painful results of Executive Order 9066.
- Passing Poston
- Passing Poston tells the story of four former internees of the Poston Relocation Center and how that terrible time has affected their lives and still lingers with them today.
- Forsaken Fields
- The Sato family members were some of the thousands of Japanese-American farmers in California that suffered as a result of the war. This video examines their lives and the effects on those families of the internment and the war.
- Only the Brave
- A searing portrait of war and prejudice, 'Only the Brave' takes you on a haunting journey into the hearts and minds of the forgotten heroes of WWII - the Japanese-American 100th/442nd.
BooksFarming the Home Place: A Japanese American Community in California, 1919-1982
Documents the experience of the Cortez colony, the last Japanese agricultural community formed by Kyutaro Abiko in 1919.
Documents the problems and discrimination the Japanese faced in America long before the start of the war.
Mike Mansfield, former US Ambassador to Japan said this is ""A conscience-wrenching book of major significance."
Another excellent memoir of life in an internment camp and after.
A collection of essays by former internees, other, non-Asian residents, and descendants of internees that explore this shameful episode in American history.
One of America's pre-eminent photographers has documented life in the internment camp at Manzanar in both photos and text.
Four photographers: Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lange, Clem Albers, and Toyo Miyatake photographed Manzanar and its residents at various times throughout its three year existence.
Booklist says: "Gaman is a Japanese word for endurance with grace and dignity in the face of what seems unbearable. Hirasuna presents a searing and soaring tribute to this human attribute in a volume of color photographs of artworks rendered from everyday objects by the 112,700 Japanese American internees held in World War II detention camps."
The US government contracted Dorothea Lange to photograph Japanese-Americans at Manzanar, but then censored almost all of her photos. Here is a collection of many of them.
Interned at Poston, Jack drew these cartoons about life at the camp.
A very diverse collection of poetry, stories, biographies, news accounts, cartoons, and other documentats that reflect the tragedy of the internment.
The most well-known Japanese-American memoir, it describes vividly the life in the camp and the humiliations suffered by the people.
An excellent book written by an accomplished author that examines life in Manzanar. Written for a grade school audience.
Another moving memoir by a Japanese-American uprooted with her family and forced to move to an internment camp.